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Chapter 4 - Sequences and Actions


Download Solution 4.1 - 4.8

Download Solution 4.9 - 4.10

Download Solution 4.11 - 4.14

Download Solution 4.15


Excercise 4.1: The PauseCA


In this exercise you will use a simple VBScript Custom Action to set a break during the installation.


Open your blastermaster.msi with InstEd and add the following new record to the CustomAction table:

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

PauseCA

Type

0x0026

Source

 <null>

Target

MsgBox "Pause"

ExtendedType

<null>

Next add the following record to the InstallExecuteSequence table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

PauseCA

Condition

<null>

Sequence

6500

Finally add the following record to the ActionText table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

PauseCA

Description

Displaying Pause Message Box

Template

<null>

Excercise 4.2: The PauseCA Type 54


In this exercise you will modify the PauseCA Custom Action to a Type 54 Custom Action.


Therefore modify the record in the CustomAction table as follows:

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

PauseCA

Type

0x0036

Source

Prop_SrcCode_DemoCA

Target

<null>

ExtendedType

<null>

Then add the following record to the Property table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Property

Prop_SrcCode_DemoCA

Value

MsgBox "Pause"

Excercise 4.3: A VBScript Custom Action for installing a service


In this exercise you will add a new VBScript Custom Action for installing a Windows Service.


However first remove the PauseCA CustomAction from the InstallExecuteSequence table.


Once this is done add the following new record to the Property table:

COLUMN

VALUE

Property

Prop_BMServicePath

Value

C:\BlasterMaster\

Next add the following record to the CustomAction table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

CreateBMServiceCA

Type

0x0006

Source

BMService.vbs

Target

CreateService

ExtendedType

<null>

Next add the following record to the ActionText table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

CreateBMServiceCA

Description

Creating Windows Service

Template

<null>

Then add the following record to the InstallExecuteSequence table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

CreateBMServiceCA

Condition

&Feature_BlasterMasterService=3

Sequence

7000

Next add the following record to the Property table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Property

MSIUSEREALADMINDETECTION

Value

1

Finally add the following record to the LaunchCondition table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Condition

Privileged

Description

This package requires admin rights to run.

The VBScript code for installing the service requires administrative privileges. Therefore when you want to install the blastermaster.msi you need to open a CMD with administrative privileges and execute msiexec.exe /i blastermaster.msi.


After uninstalling the package again, delete the service again manually calling sc delete BMService in a CMD running with administrative privileges.


Excercise 4.4: Executable Custom Actions


In this exercise you will add two Executable Custom Actions to your blastermaster.msi package.


First we add a custom action for uninstalling the Windows Service you installed before. Thus, add the following new record to the CustomAction table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

UninstallBMServiceCA

Type

0x0032

Source

ScExePath

Target

delete BMService

ExtendedType

<null>

Next add the following record to the Property table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Property

ScExePath

Value

C:\Windows\system32\sc.exe

Then schedule this Custom Action in the InstallExecuteSequence table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

UninstallBMServiceCA

Condition

&Feature_BlasterMasterService=2

Sequence

5840

Now we add another executable custom action to launch the BlasterMaster.exe once the installation has finished.

Thus, add the following new record to the CustomAction table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

RunBlasterMasterCA

Type

0x0012

Source

File_BlasterMaster.exe

Target

<null>

ExtendedType

<null>

Finally schedule this action in the InstallExecuteSequence table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

RunBlasterMasterCA

Condition

NOT Installed

Sequence

8000

Excercise 4.5: DLL Custom Action


In this exercise you will add a DLL Custom Actions to your blastermaster.msi package.


First stream the file MyFirstDLLCA.CA.dll into the Binary table.


Then add the following new record to the CustomAction table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

MyFirstDLLCA

Type

0x0001

Source

MyFirstDLLCA.CA.dll

Target

MyDLLCAEntryPoint

ExtendedType

<null>

Then schedule the Custom Action in the InstallExecuteSequence table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

MyFirstDLLCA

Condition

<null>

Sequence

5810

Finally install the MSI package from an (administrative) cmd by calling

msiexec.exe /i blastermaster.msi /Lv mylog.txt


Excercise 4.6: Set Property Custom Action


In this exercise you will add a Set Property Custom Actions to your blastermaster.msi package.


First add the following record to the CustomAction table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

SetPropertyProp_BMServicePath

Type

0x0033

Source

Prop_BMServicePath

Target

[TARGETDIR]

ExtendedType

<null>

Then add the following record to the InstallExecuteSequence table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

SetPropertyProp_BMServicePath

Condition

<null>

Sequence

1020

Excercise 4.7: Set Directory Custom Action


In this exercise you will add a Set Directory Custom Actions to your blastermaster.msi package.


First, add the following record to the CustomAction table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

SetDirectoryTARGETDIR

Type

0x0023

Source

TARGETDIR

Target

[%ProgramFiles]\[Manufacturer]\[ProductName]

ExtendedType

<null>

Then add the following record to the InstallExecuteSequence table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

SetDirectoryTARGETDIR

Condition

<null>

Sequence

1010

Excercise 4.8: Error Custom Action


In this exercise you will add an Error Custom Actions to your blastermaster.msi package.


First add the following record to the CustomAction table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

MissingNETFRAMEWORK35ErrorCA

Type

0x0013

Source

<null>

Target

This installation requires .NET Framework 3.5.

ExtendedType

<null>

Then add the following record to the InstallUISequence table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

MissingNETFRAMEWORK35ErrorCA

Condition

NETFRAMEWORK35

Sequence

110

Finally add the following record to the InstallExecuteSequence table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

MissingNETFRAMEWORK35ErrorCA

Condition

NETFRAMEWORK35

Sequence

110

Excercise 4.9: Deferred Custom Action


In this exercise you will add a Deferred Custom Actions to your blastermaster.msi package.


First add the following record to the CustomAction table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

MyDeferredVBScriptCA

Type

0x0426

Source

<null>

Target

MsgBox Property("CustomActionData")

ExtendedType

<null>

Then schedule the Custom Action in the InstallExecuteSequence table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

MyDeferredVBScriptCA

Condition

<null>

Sequence

6500

Next add the following record to the Property table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Property

MyDeferredVBScriptCA

Value

 

Then add the following record to the CustomAction table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

MyDeferredVBScriptCA.SetProperty

Type

0x0033

Source

MyDeferredVBScriptCA

Target

[TARGETDIR];[ProductName]

ExtendedType

<null>

Finally schedule this Custom Action also in the InstallExecuteSequence table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

MyDeferredVBScriptCA.SetProperty

Condition

<null>

Sequence

6450

Excercise 4.10: Rollback Custom Action


In this exercise you will add a Rollback Custom Actions to your blastermaster.msi package.


Thus, add the following record to the CustomAction table

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

MyRollbackCA

Type

0x0526

Source

<null>

Target

MsgBox "Rollback"

ExtendedType

<null>

Then add the following record to the InstallExecuteSequence table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

MyRollbackCA

Condition

<null>

Sequence

6449

Next modify the Deferred Custom Action from above in the CustomAction table to provocate an error:

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

MyDeferredVBScriptCA

Type

0x0426

Source

<null>

Target

provoke_error

ExtendedType

<null>

Excercise 4.11: Commit Custom Action


In this exercise you will add a Commit Custom Actions to your blastermaster.msi package.


But first remove the following records from the CustomAction table: MyDeferredVBScriptCA, MyDeferredVBScriptCA.SetProperty


Then add the following record to the CustomAction table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

MyCommitCA

Type

0x0626

Source

<null>

Target

 MsgBox "Commit"

ExtendedType

<null>

Then add the following record to the InstallExecuteSequence table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

MyCommitCA

Condition

<null>

Sequence

6448

Excercise 4.12: Deferred Execution in System Context


In this exercise you will make your deferred Custom Actions that creates the Service run in System Context.


First modify the file BMService.vbs as described in the book and stream it again into the Binary table.


Then modify the CreateBMServiceCA record in the CustomAction table as follows:

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

CreateBMServiceCA

Type

0x0c06

Source

BMService.vbs

Target

CreateService

ExtendedType

<null>

Then change the position for the CreateBMServiceCA record in the InstallExecuteSequence table so that it runs before InstallFinalize.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

CreateBMServiceCA

Condition

&Feature_BlasterMasterService=3

Sequence

6550

Next add the following record to the CustomAction table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

CreateBMServiceCA.SetProperty

Type

0x0033

Source

CreateBMServiceCA

Target

[Prop_BMServicePath]

ExtendedType

<null>

Then schedule the Custom Action in the InstallExecuteSequence table.

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

CreateBMServiceCA.SetProperty

Condition

&Feature_BlasterMasterService=3

Sequence

5849

Finally remove the "Privileged" record from the LaunchCondition table.


You can now install the package by just double-clicking it. You don't need to run msiexec.exe in an administrative CMD anymore.

However uninstallation will fail as long as you don't make the service uninstallation action also deferred / no impersonation.

Thus, when you uninstall the package you have to call msiexec.exe /x blastermaster.msi in an administrative CMD.


Excercise 4.13: Return Processing of Custom Actions


In this exercise you will modify the Custom Action from the exercise above so that the installation continues also in the case that the Custom Action fails.


Therefore modify the CreateBMServiceCA in the CustomAction table as follows:

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

CreateBMServiceCA

Type

0x0c46

Source

BMService.vbs

Target

CreateService

ExtendedType

<null>

Excercise 4.14: Asynchronous Custom Actions


In this exercise you will modify the Custom Action from the exercise above so that it runs asynchronously.


Therefore modify the CreateBMServiceCA in the CustomAction table as follows:

COLUMN

VALUE

Action

RunBlasterMasterCA

Type

0x0092

Source

File_BlasterMaster.exe

Target

<null>

ExtendedType

<null>

Excercise 4.15: Clean up


Most of the examples were only for learning purposes and are not really required for installing Blaster Master. Thus, it is now time to clean up your package from these artificial examples. Hence, remove the following records from the CustomAction table:

PauseCA, MyFirstDLLCA, MyRollbackCA, MyCommitCA, MissingNETFRAMEWORK35ErrorCA, CreateBMServiceCA, CreateBMServiceCA.SetProperty,

SetPropertyProp_BMServicePath, UninstallBMServiceCA


Next remove the following records from the Property table:

Prop_BMServicePath, MyDeferredVBScriptCA, Prop_SrcCode_DemoCA, ScExePath

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